Not only on Komodo Island, Komodo habitat in Komodo National Park is found on several islands. Here are some of them.
Recently, the Indonesian public has been enlivened by the controversy over the construction of Jurrasic Park Komodo on Rinca Island, NTT. Some parties are very worried, development geopark this has a negative effect on the Komodo dragon ecosystem in the wild. As is known, Rinca Island in NTT is included in the Komodo National Park and is a habitat for endemic Komodo dragons that are endangered.
Komodo National Park was inaugurated in 1980 to protect Komodo or Varanus komodoensis, an endemic ancient animal found only in NTT, Indonesia. Not only on Komodo Island, Komodo habitat in Komodo National Park is found on several islands. Here are some of them.
1. Rinca Island
Rinca Island has an area of 198 Km2 which is included in the District of Komodo, West Manggarai, NTT. Rinca Island is known as the best place to watch Komodo dragons in their natural habitat. Apart from Komodo dragons, various wild animals also live on Rinca Island, such as wild boar, wild buffalo, and various types of birds. Access to Rinca Island can be reached by small boat from Labuhan Bajo in West Flores.
2. Komodo Island
Komodo Island is known as the original habitat of the endangered Komodo dragon which is located east of Sumbawa Island and is separated by the Sape Strait. Komodo Island covers 390 km2 and includes the small islands around it. Komodo dragons on this island live and breed well. UNESCO has designated Komodo Island as a World Heritage Site along with several other islands in Komodo National Park.
3. Gili Motang and Gili Dasami
Gili Motang and Gili Dasami are less popular than Rinca Island and Komodo Island. With an area of up to 30 km2, Gili Motang and Gili Dasami are part of the Lesser Sunda Islands cluster. These two islands are the habitat for around one hundred Komodo dragons. Since 1991, Gili Motang and Gili Dasami along with other islands in the National Park have been designated as World Heritage Sites.
4. Padar Island
Padar Island is the third largest island in Komodo National Park, NTT. The location is not far from Rinca Island, bordered by the Leech Strait. There are very few Komodo dragons on Padar Island. On 19 November 2017, only four Komodo dragons were identified on this island. However, on 16 August 2019, the Komodo dragon population on Padar Island was declared extinct. This was confirmed directly by the Komodo National Park.
5. Flores Island
Flores Island is the only habitat for Komodo dragons outside the Komodo National Park area. Physically, the Komodo dragons on the island of Flores have a smaller body shape and bright skin than those in Komodo National Park. There is no significant difference so that it is still classified as one Komodo species. The differences may occur due to differences in habitat where they live.
Source – 2020-11-16 05:52:52