The traditional village of Bawomataluo is an ancient village in South Nias which is popular after the tradition of the stone jump in the Rp 1,000 notes in the 1990s.

Bawomataluo Traditional Village is an ancient village in Fanayama District, South Nias Regency, North Sumatra Province. It is about 30 Km from Binaka Gunung Sitoli Airport. The Bawomataluo settlement has a high value and is universal in nature, this can be seen from its culture and natural and social environment which are still complete and intact.

The location is located at an altitude of 270 meters above sea level, on top of the hills that are safe from the shaking of a tsunami as high as 4 meters. Entering the village, you have to climb four steps on the first terrace and 70 steps on the second terrace. Each house is facing each other with a distance of four meters, in the middle there is a courtyard made of stones for rituals.

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The name Bawomataluo became very popular after the tradition of Rock Jumping or Hambo Batu / Fahombo was painted on the Rp. 1,000 bill in the 1990s. The Stone Jump tradition was born from the ancient customs of the Nias people, each village fortifies its area with a two meter high stone or bamboo fort. Rock Jumping became a form of exercise.

IDR 1,000 in the 1990s (

Over time, after the war between villages did not occur, the Stone Jump tradition then experienced a change to become a symbol of maturity for a man. It will not be considered an adult and allowed to marry before being able to pass this two meter high rock. Stone jumping was taught to a boy since childhood, but not all are able to do it.

Apart from that, Bawomataluo Village also has another tradition of “can't,” namely the War Dance which is called the Fataele Dance. This art cannot be separated from the Stone Jump tradition. Led by a commander, this dance movement is very dynamic and depicts the agile formations and movements of the knights in the war arena. The occasional fierce scream was also voiced by the dancers.

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Ancient Sites from the Megalithic Age

The name Bawomataluo in the local language means Bukit Matahari. The Bawomataluo Traditional Village is one of the oldest traditional villages in Indonesia. Become part of the Megalithic tradition thousands of years ago. Several Megalithic era sites can still be seen today, divided into two types based on position, namely daro-daro and naitaro.

Several megalithic sites in Bawometaluo Village (

Daro-daro is a rock with a horizontal position so that it crosses the table, while the naitaro is in a solid position similar to a stone pillar. The largest is in front of the chief's house, the gate is flanked by two stone tables in the shape of a boat decorated with flowers, leaf vines, and humans. A round table supported by four poles is also located not far from the location.

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The two megalithic sites are still used for rituals today, one of which is a ceremony to commemorate the death of the first chief. It is said that at a certain time, the spirit of the chief reincarnated, then sat at the ancient stone table to see the condition of his grandchildren. All Megalaticum sites in this village are considered sacred and holy.

Source – 2021-03-01 04:35:31


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