At present Indonesia is the country with the highest mortality rate. Nevertheless, Indonesia did not also take lockdown action. why is that?
The Corona Virus Outbreak (Covid-19) has truly become a pandemic that has disrupted the current condition of the world. As of today (3/23), recorded cases of Covid-19 infections worldwide reached 337,553 people, with 14,654 of them dead. More than 150 countries affected by the Covid-19 pandemic, even a number of countries have announced lockdown by closing all access in and out and forbid its citizens to move outside the home.
Malaysia became the last country to decide to do it lockdown on the country. This action was carried out for two weeks to suppress the surge in new Covid-19 cases. All lines of life in Malaysia are closed and stopped, except stores that sell food and daily necessities. All teaching and office activities both government and private are also closed, except those involved in public services such as telecommunications, transportation, broadcasting, finance, security, and health, water, electricity, and energy.
Currently (3/23) in Indonesia there are 514 cases with 48 of them declared dead. This tabulation of numbers places Indonesia as the country with the highest mortality rate in the world, reaching 9.3%. Nevertheless, the Indonesian government has not yet taken action to do so lockdown. Why is that?
Indonesian Reason No. Lockdown
Lockdown is the most extreme choice that must be taken by a country in handling the Covid-19 outbreak. Lockdown is not just closing the spread, but also the whole life, starting from the supply of basic food, business, education, and so on. When the lockdown is actually implemented, it is certain that the Indonesian economy will experience a very significant decline.
This was confirmed by the Head of the Department of Economics Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Yose Rizal Damuri. According to him, lockdown will have a sizable economic impact on Indonesia because it will be accompanied by stopping most work activities. Moreover, economic activity in Jakarta contributes 25% of GDP and determines 60% of the national economy. If it is assumed to be a 30% reduction in national labor activity, it will have a nearly 12% decline in GDP.
In his presentation, Yose said bahwan lockdown for two weeks can reduce GDP by 0.5%, and 1% if it lasts for one month. The 0.5% figure is equivalent to IDR 75 trillion, almost the same as the DKI 2020 APBD, which is around IDR 88 trillion. Lockdown will have a big impact not only for Jakarta, but also the national economy.
In addition, other problems can arise and worsen the situation in the middle lockdownfor example logistics and food readiness. Food supply readiness is absolutely necessary before action lockdown selected. Currently, Indonesia's food supply is not enough if it has to be used to meet the needs of hundreds of millions of Indonesians spread across the archipelago from Sabang to Merauke.
Jakarta has been relying on food supplies from outside the area, if enforced lockdown certainly scarcity and price increase will occur. Not quite up there, the flow of goods distribution is disrupted ahead of Ramadan due to lockdown can cause Indonesia to experience inflation above 6% and harm the purchasing power of the people of Indonesia. Social unrest has the potential to arise.
Indonesian Pariwsata losers
The Covid-19 outbreak is not over yet, but the value of the loss in the tourism sector has reached Rp. 21 T. Hariyadi B. Sukamdani as Chairman of the Indonesian Hotel & Restaurant Association (PHRI) said the loss was due to a drop in the number of tourists from China. In 2019, the number of tourists from China who came to Indonesia reached two million people with a total expenditure in a single visit of US $ 1,100 (Rp. 15.4 million). Tourism in Manado, Bali and Batam were the most affected due to this decline.
Gloria Guevara from World Travel Council (WTTC) said, the Covid-19 pandemic had caused 50 million workers in the tourism sector to be laid off. Thousands of international flights were canceled and several travel insurance companies refused new customers. At the beginning of 2020, the tourism sector is predicted to have fallen by 25%, and will continue to grow if it does not subside soon.
The domino effect occurs in tourism support sectors such as hotels, restaurants, airlines, and retail entrepreneurs. Hotek occupancy value in Indonesia has decreased by 50% since the beginning of 2020. This of course has a big impact on the continuity of the hospitality business in Indonesia. If the outbreak does not subside until April, it is predicted that many companies will close down given the entry of the month of Ramadan and Eid
Current Government Efforts
Policy lockdown in Indonesia must be avoided, considering this country is very vulnerable to economic crisis. At present President Joko Widodo has chosen to put forward measures to keep a distance and reduce the mass crowd that could be the center of the spread of Covid-19. The government must also prepare adequate health facilities to deal with serious cases. Strategy tracking also must be done on positive patients Covid-19.
Source – 2020-03-23 04:28:12